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Enalapril

dm+d VMPP - 1061011000001107

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Enalapril, sold under the brand name Vasotec among others, is a medication used to treat high blood pressure, diabetic kidney disease, and heart failure. For heart failure, it is generally used with a diuretic, such as furosemide. It is given by mouth or by injection into a vein. Onset of effects are typically within an hour when taken by mouth and last for up to a day.Common side effects include headache, tiredness, feeling lightheaded with standing, and cough. Serious side effects include angioedema and low blood pressure. Use during pregnancy is believed to result in harm to the baby. It is in the angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitor family of medications.Enalapril was patented in 1978 and came into medical use in 1984. It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, which lists the most effective and safe medicines needed in a health system. The wholesale cost in the developing world is about US$0.08 to 0.80 per month. In the United States, it costs about $25 to $50 per month. In 2016, it was the 94th most prescribed medication in the United States, with more than 8 million prescriptions.

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